Environmental Protection Agency
In the early 1990s, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) stormwater regulations to comply with the requirements of the Clean Water Act. Compliance with federal, state, and local stormwater programs involves the use of “best management practices” (BMPs) to manage and control stormwater runoff. The EPA recognizes that effective management of stormwater runoff offers a number of benefits, including improved quality of surface waters, protection of wetland and aquatic ecosystems, conservation of water resources, and flood mitigation, as well as economic benefits. The EPA recommends approaches such as on-site infiltration that integrate control of stormwater and protection of natural systems.
The Eco-Stone® Family of Permeable Pavers are an on-site infiltration technology that mitigates stormwater runoff and are a recommended BMP by the EPA. This allows for reduction of volume and peak flows, improved water quality, filtering of pollutants, mitigation of downstream flooding, and recharge of groundwater. UNI® Permeable Pavers are true interlocking pavers that offer the structural support, durability, and beauty of traditional concrete pavers, combined with the environmental benefit of permeability. The permeability is achieved through the drainage openings and/or joints, which are filled with a highly-permeable aggregate instead of the fine joint sand used with traditional pavers. For our permeable paver product line and a list of features and benefits, please visit our UNI Eco-Stone Family of Permeable Pavers page.
Since the implementation of the NPDES regulations, the EPA has developed an extensive number of resources that has grown to encompass not only stormwater, but also green infrastructure and low impact development as a means to manage stormwater runoff and its negative impacts on the environment. For your convenience, we've included a list of links and documents that you may find useful.
SWMM - STORMWATER MANAGEMENT MODEL PROGRAM
The U.S. EPA SWMM (Stormwater Management Model) Program may be downloaded free of charge. SWMM is a dynamic hydrology-hydraulic-water quality simulation model. It is used for single event or long-term (continuous) simulation of runoff quantity and quality from primarily urban areas. The routing portion transports this runoff through a system of pipes, channels, storage/treatment devices, pumps, and regulators. As of May 2014, SWMM Version 5.1.006 has recently been extended to model the hydrologic performance of specific types of low impact development (LID) controls. The LID controls that the user can choose include the following seven green infrastructure practices:
- Permeable pavement
- Rain gardens
- Green roofs
- Street planters
- Rain barrels
- Infiltration trenches
- Vegetative swales
NATIONAL STORMWATER CALCULATOR
In 2013 the EPA developed a National Stormwater Calculator that is an easy to use desktop application that estimates the annual amount of stormwater runoff from a specific site based on local soil conditions, slope, land cover and historical rainfall records. Users can enter any U.S. location and select different scenarios to learn how specific green infrastructure changes, such as rain gardens or permeable pavement, can prevent pollution. The information helps users determine how adding green infrastructure can be one of the most cost-effective ways to reduce stormwater runoff.
GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE COLLABORATIVE
On October 8th, EPA’s Green Infrastructure Program and the White House Council on Environmental Quality launched a broad collaborative of external stakeholders to advance green infrastructure implementation. The Green Infrastructure Collaborative will leverage efforts from the federal family, non-governmental organizations, the private sector and academia to advance green infrastructure as a means of supporting water quality and community development goals. As part of the announcement, EPA released a Statement of Support outlining specific commitments from Collaborative members to advance cooperation and coordination around green infrastructure initiatives.
The Collaborative will build capacity for green infrastructure by providing a platform for national stakeholders to:
- Leverage joint efforts to promote the multiple community benefits of green infrastructure;
- Share and build knowledge around emerging green infrastructure technologies and policy issues; and
- Facilitate shared inquiry into the best ways to encourage adoption of green infrastructure technologies at the local level.
The Green Infrastructure Collaborative consists of more than 20 organizations committed to advancing the adoption of green infrastructure as a means of supporting water quality and community development goals. This broad group of signatories includes academia, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector including the American Society of Civil Engineers, the National Resources Defense Council, the Center for Neighborhood Technology, University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center, the American Society of Landscape Architects, and the Low Impact Development Center.
The Collaborative will build on the Green Infrastructure Partnership launched in 2007 by EPA and its founding partner organizations.
For more information on the Collaborative, visit: http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/greeninfrastructure/gi_partners.cfm
White House fact sheet: http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/Press_Releases/October_8_2014
The Green Streets, Green Jobs, Green Towns Initiative (G3 Initiative) was designed to build a collaborative support network for small to medium sized towns and communities that are interested in adopting Green Infrastructure and, in particular Green Street practices to address urban stormwater, improve community health and livability, and encourage economic growth. The G3 Initiative was created in 2010 in the US EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic) Water Protection Division, Office of State and Watershed Partnerships. Learn more.
EPA INFORMATION, GUIDANCE AND REFERENCES
EPA LOW IMPACT BARRIER BUSTERS FACT SHEETS:
- Benefits of Low Impact Development
- Terminology of Low Impact Development
- Costs of Low Impact Development
- Aesthetics of Low Impact Development
- Effectiveness of Low Impact Development
- Maintenance of Low Impact Development
- Encouraging Use of Low Impact Development
EPA STORMWATER VIDEOS
- Traditional and Permeable Galleries
- Traditional Pavers
- Permeable Pavers
- Applications for Concrete Paving Block in the United States Market
- Eco-Stone Family of Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavers Project Profiles
- UNI Technical Data PDF Sheet
- Installation and Specifications
- NEW! Street, Large-Scale and Industrial Pavements
- Design Manuals and Literature
- Software and Presentations
- Articles and Case Studies
- Visit our Downloads page to access over 175 items in one place, including design manuals, case studies, articles, research papers and more